+ FS 1504 This course will provide an overview of LCES (Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes and Safety Zones). LCES is an essential component of wildland firefighting and establishes the foundation for effective risk management. In addition, this course will also provide students with the skills necessary to develop their situational awareness, improve their hazard identification and mitigation skills and prepare students with the skills necessary to survive an entrapment. Students will learn how to read various type of maps and use GPS units. Students are expected to be engaged and involved in scenario exercises and case studies. NWCG Certificate: Basic Land Navigation.